African American Inventors
Dr. Shirley Jackson Born: Washington, D.C. Jackson started to conduct successful experiments in theoretical physics and then started to use her knowledge in physics to start making advances in telecommunications while working at Bell Laboratories. These inventions include developments in the portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cell, and the fiber optic cables used to provide clarity in overseas telephone calls. She has also helped make possible Caller ID and Call Waiting.
Patricia Bath,first African American female doctor to patent a medical invention. Patricia Bath's patent (#4,744,360) was for a method for removing cataract lenses that transformed eye surgery by using a laser device making the procedure more accurate. From about.com
African American History / Black History. African American inventor Alfred L. Cralle September 4, 1866–1920) - Is best remembered for inventing the ice cream scoop, a design still in use today. Born in Kenbridge, Lunenburg County, Virginia. He attended local schools and worked with his father in the carpentry trade as a young man, becoming interested in mechanics.
Mark E. Dean (born March 2, 1957) is an African American inventor and a computer engineer. He led the team that developed the ISA bus, and he led the design team responsible for creating the first one-gigahertz computer processor chip. Dean has also helped in the early development of the computer keyboard. He holds three of IBM's original nine PC patents. In August 2011, writing in his blog, Dean stated that he now uses a tablet computer instead of a PC.
Sarah Boone – African American Inventor Sarah Boone was a famous African American inventor who took an already great idea and made it better! She patented a device to help neatly iron clothing. This was the predecessor to the modern ironing board. It was made of a narrow wooden board, with collapsible legs and a padded cover.
Thomas Moore, a Maryland farmer, first coined the term "refrigerator" in 1803, but the refrigeration technique has been around for centuries. Many new models and inventions contributed to the development of the modern refrigerator. In 1879, Thomas Elkins, an African American inventor in Albany, New York, patented his Refrigerating Apparatus.
Day 30: Ellen F. Eglin (life dates unknown). Inventor. 19th c. African American inventor, who may have been a housekeeper or government clerk. Around the 1880s she invented and then sold the rights to a Wringer Washer for $18. In an 1890 interview, she stated: "You know I am black and if it was known that a [N]egro woman patented the invention, white ladies would not buy the wringer; I was afraid to be known because of my color in having it introduced in the market, that is my only reason."
INVENTOR Frederick McKinley Jones (May 17, 1893 – February 21, 1961) was an African American inventor, entrepreneur, winner of the National Medal of Technology, and inductee of the National Inventors Hall of Fame. His innovations in refrigeration brought great improvement to the long-haul transportation of perishable goods. During his life, Jones was awarded 61 patents. Forty were for refrigeration equipment, while others went for portable X-ray machines, sound equipment, and gasoline engines.
Garret Augustus Morgan opened up a sewing machine and shoe repair shop in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1907. An innovative mind, he kept busy creating prototypes to solve many everyday problems. One of his first creations was a liquid that straightened fabric—which he later sold as a product for hair straightening. In 1911, after hearing about the tragic deaths in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, Morgan invented a safety hood and smoke protector for firefighters.
Latimar House, Queens,NY - Lewis Latimer was key figure behind 2 of the most revolutionary inventions of all time,the light bulb & the telephone. The son of escaped slaves, Latimer became one of the first African American inventors and helped found the Unitarian church in Flushing, New York. Latimer grew up in Boston. His family moved from house to house to elude slave catchers. His house in Queens,NY is now a historic landmark. Biddy Craft
Elijah McCoy is an Engineer and an inventor with over 50 patents to his credit. He's where we got the saying, "The real McCoy." He obtained his first patent On July 12, 1872, for his automatic lubricator for oiling steam engines on locomotives and ships, an invention that greatly benefitted the railroad industry by enabling trains to run more efficiently, others including a folding ironing board and a lawn sprinkler.
Physicist and inventor George Carruthers built his first telescope at age 10,. Carruthers has developed ways to use ultraviolet imaging in order to view images in deep space that were previously impossible to see. In 1972, Carruthers invented the "Far Ultraviolet Camera/Spectograph," the first moon-based observatory. It was used in the Apollo 16 mission. Then, in 1986, one of his inventions captured an image of Hailey's Comet—the first time a comet had ever been pictured from space.
Verone Mankou is the genius creator behind the Way-C tablet computer. The tablet is called the Way-C - "the light of the stars" in a dialect of northern Congo. Meet the Way-C, the first African tablet to rival the iPad, created by a young inventor with dreams of bringing internet access to the masses.