Global Neuropharmacology and Neurochemistry Congress
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The brain contains roughly 100 billion neurons, with each neuron forming connections with up to thousands of other neurons. These connections are called synapse. This mechanism comprise of various complex pathways, ion channels, receptors, proteins and junctions. Cell signaling and cell physiology have allowed studies of molecular processes in the context of the integrated behavior of cells and their organelles, and of tissues and organs, and whole organism.
With the advancement in the field of neuroscience, there are many social, ethical and legal issues which have come into picture. From clinical trial of drugs to the application of drugs, from reading of brain to the memory loss, in various psychiatric disorders, ethics are associated in every step. Neuroethics acts as a bridge between science and law.
Neuro-Ophthalmology is the amalgamation of visual system and nervous system. Study suggests that we use almost half of the brain for the vision related activities. Accurate measurement of motor reactions is vital for understanding the oculomotor system. Eye movements provide a window on fundamental brain function, not only for topographic diagnosis of dysfunctions but also for the knowledge of normal brain function.
The human brain is one of the most complex thing in the universe, it undergoes conditional change for the entire lifetime of an individual. Later in the 20th century researchers found that the many aspects of the brain can be changed and thus also known as Brain Plasticity. Some factors can change the neural plasticity of brain through their effects emotionally mostly like thoughts, also can be altered by some serious injuries which can be helpful in certain cases for memory recovery or in…
Neurochemistry deals with the processes happening in nervous system and nerve tissues. One of these processes isNeurotransmission, wherein, the interaction at the synapse occurs with the help of neurotransmitters such as Dopamine, Acetylcholine, Norepinephrine, Glutamate, Serotonin, Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), Endogenous opioids etc.
Neuroimmunology plays an important role in the development of pharmaceutical therapies for various neurological disorders. It constitutes of two complex systems of the body i.e. nervous system and immune system, malfunctioning of either or both can lead to various stress situations. Endocrine and nervous system combines to carry out various physiological activities and their interaction with each other is studied under Neuroendocrinology.
Neuropathology is a substantial element of the fundamental study of disease and a foremost field in current medication anddiagnosis. The diagnostics is done on the basis of brain/spinal cord tissue, which is received after biopsy. It has been an important tool in the diagnostics of prion disease and mitochondrial disease.
Neuroscience is concerned with all the fields such as structural, molecular, mathematical, computational; developmental which are required to understand brain and its functions. It is an interdisciplinary field which counts on all the aspects of science, required to study nervous system, spinal cord, networking and signalling process.
Neurotoxicity is the result of exposure of the nervous system to the artificial or natural toxic agents. These agents can be heavy metals, drugs, radiations, pesticides or solvents. They work by disrupting the signaling process in between the neurons leading to the bulk of problems. Neurotoxicity has been reported as a major cause of Alzheimer’s disease, which is a neurodegenerative disorder.
Pediatric neuropharmacology deals with the neurological disorders in children such as seizures, delayed speech, weakness, or headaches. ADHD is also a neurodevelopmental disorder, which occurs at the age of six to twelve. The symptoms are excessive activity, inattention, disruptive or impulsive behaviour.
Addiction is a condition wherein the person indulges himself in rewarding stimuli, regardless of adverse consequences.Psychopharmacology is the study of effect of drugs which lead to change in behaviour. It implicates the modification at molecular level that can be observed in the terms of behavioural changes.
Neural repair works on the principle of replacing damaged/infected cells with the healthy cells. Neural stem cells play a vital role in regenerative medication as these are self-renewing and multipotent. These stem cells have proved to be a boon in Neurological conditions, such as Huntingdons disease, Parkinson's disease and Motor Neuron Disease.
Psychiatric Disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that affect various areas of life. Autism is a severe developmental disorder that damages the ability to communicate and interact. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder in which people understand reality abnormally. Dementia is an assembly of thinking and social symptoms that obstructs with daily functioning.
Neurological disorders are sicknesses of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them. These disorders include epilepsy,Alzheimer disease and other dementias, cerebrovascular diseases including stroke, Parkinson's disease, migraine and other headache disorders, brain tumours, multiple sclerosis, neuroinfections, traumatic disorders of the nervous system due to headtrauma, and neurological disorders as a result of malnutrition.
The process of recovering medically from a neural injury is termed as neurorehabilitation. Neurorehabilitation aims at recovering totally without any side effect or leaving any marks from the process for a better and healthy life. a route to positivity helping millions
Neuromuscular disorders comprises of effects on the muscles and restricting or affecting its work, the effect can either be directly where the muscles are directly blocked for actions or indirectly where the neurons responsible to make a miscle work is affected and thus the working of the muscle is stopped.