Caroline Still Wiley Anderson, (Wm. Still's daughter) educator and physician, was born November 1, 1848 in Philadelphia, PA. In 1868, she graduated from Oberlin College, where she was the only black woman in her class, and returned to Philadelphia to teach. She later taught at Howard U. She became a medical doctor in 1878 the state’s first black female doctor. She ran the Berean Dispensary which served poor women and children. Berean Manual Training and Industrial School .
Mary Seacole -After the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853, Seacole traveled overseas to the British War Office, determined to serve as an army nurse. Then when she was refused, she funded her own trip to Crimea, started a hotel for injured officers (built out of salvaged materials), and braved enemy fire to nurse the wounded on the battlefield.
"Freedom Stairway" the one hundred steps leading down from the Rankin House toward the Ohio River. The John Rankin House in Ripley was a station on the Underground Railroad It was said that when a light shone in the window of Rankins home , it was safe for the slaves to approach. Rankin helped more than 2 thousand slaves to escape..Riply Ohio
100 years before Rosa Parks there was Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911). She was an abolitionist, poet and author. Born free in Baltimore, she had a prolific career, publishing her first book of poetry at age 20 and her first novel, the widely praised Iola Leroy, at age 67. In 1850, she became the first woman to teach sewing at the Union Seminary. In 1851, she helped blacks along the Underground Railroad on their way to Canada, running from the Democrats’ Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
MARTHA ANN RICKS, born a Slave, in TN, about 1817. At 13, she and her family were returned to Africa by the Tennessee Colonization Society who felt free blacks should not be allowed to remain in N. America. Inspired by Queen Victoria’s stance on Slavery, Ricks was determined to make a quilt for the Queen. Over twenty five years, she worked on the cotton silk quilt. At age 76, she sailed to England and was presented at court on July 16, 1892, presenting her quilt to the Queen.
Dr. Ruth Simmons: First African-American woman to lead an Ivy League universityDr. Ruth Simmons is not your average academic. In 2001, Simmons was named president of Brown University—the first African-American woman to be at the helm of an Ivy League university. Immediately prior to taking over at Brown, Simmons served as president of another prestigious school, the Seven-Sister institution Smith College.Simmons did not have an easy path to academic super-stardom. One of 11 children born to Texa
Lucy Ann Stanton, the first black American woman to receive a four-year college degree. Born in Cleveland on Oct. 16, 1831, she entered Oberlin College in the mid-1840s. She became president of the Oberlin Ladies Literary Society and in 1850 delivered the graduation address entitled "A Plea For The Oppressed," an anti-slavery speech.
Mary Fields was a black gun-totin' female in the American Wild West who was six feet tall, heavy, tough, short-tempered, and she carried a pair of six-shooters and an eight or ten-gauge shotgun. In 1895, she found a job that suited her, as a U.S. mail coach driver for the Cascade County region of central Montana. She and her mule, Moses, never missed a day, and it was in this aptitude that she became a legend in her own time known as Stagecoach Mary for her unfailing reliability