Kamila Gawronska trained in art and fashion photography before attending the International School of Costume and Fashion Design in Warsaw. Kamila's work has a wonderful drama the dress pictured is based on the movie entitled Metropolis directed by Fritz
underside, Elizabethan ruff Per Noel: Between 150 and 180 (or more) of lace depending on the type of ruff, the width of the ruffle, and the neck measurement. But 150 to 180 is a good ballpark for a ruff of 3 wide or less on a 15 to 17 neckband.
Ruffs were made in different styles and sizes, but for this particular one a frame called "supportase" was used as a frame to achieve this dramatic look. Queen Elizabeth I was an icon for this particular piece.