Battle of Moscow
Operation ‘Typhoon’, the German attempt to take Moscow in 1941. An advance team consisting of a Panzer III and few soldiers from 11.Panzer Division marches through Volokolamsk town, 120 km from Moscow. Note the absence of winter clothings and boots. Only Hitler's maniacal insistence on "No Retreat" saved the Germans from a rout like Napoleon's in 1812.
Stalin's method: masses of Soviet KIA's collected by the Germans during the battles near Moscow. With poor leadership, low motivation, and woeful training, the Soviet army's "tactical solution" was the massed infantry assault ala WW1. The result was predictable given the Germans' joint arms approach including heavy artillery and mortar fires aimed at the masses.
Georgy Zhukov. "Father" of the Soviet victory - a mastermind behind the largest battles of WW2: Moscow, Stalingrad, Berlin... to name a few. Without a doubt, a military genius: he never lost a battle. But also known by his soldiers as a “Butcher”, for disregarding causalities and winning at any cost.
ILLUSTRATED HISTORY: The Real Turning Point: BATTLE FOR MOSCOW. Many think that Stalingrad was the turning point of the Second World War. But the moment in the war that began the decline of Nazi Germany was that one winter day in Russia in 1941 when Stalin paced the platform of Moscow station for some time and then did not climb aboard a train that would take him 600 miles east.
The Greatest Battle: Stalin, Hitler, and the Desperate Struggle for Moscow That Changed the Course of World War II -- Paperback (384 pages), kindle, audiobook -- The battle for Moscow was not only the biggest battle of WWII, it was the biggest battle of all time. Yet it is far less known than Stalingrad, which involved about half the number of troops. #WWII #History
Ernst Stuhlinger. He was drafted as a private in 1941 and sent to the Russian front where he was wounded during the Battle of Moscow. He was in the Battle of Stalingrad and was one of the few to survive. In 1943, he was ordered to the rocket development center in Peenemunde where he joined Dr. Wernher von Braun's team. For the remainder of the war, he worked in the field of guidance systems. Here he holds a model of the Juno rocket used to launch the first U.S. satellite,Explorer I.
07 Jan 42: The Soviet Army has driven the Germans far enough back that Moscow is no longer under threat, ending the 98-day Battle of Moscow and marking a major turning point in the war in the east. For a time, Moscow seemed to have been so close to falling to the Germans that Stalin's armored train was ready at the station to carry him east to safety. But the Soviets were aided in their efforts by extreme cold and poor weather, which minimized the Luftwaffe's operations. #WWII #History
Battle of Moscow lasted for 6 months Sept - Dec 1941. With the Reds bringing in fresh troops from Siberia they were able to push the Nazis back, from the citadel of Moscow, 150 miles in Dec 41 - although the Germans had further successes in the spring and summer 1942 in southern USSR they were never able to regain this lost territory. It was the first "defeat" suffered by the Wehrmacht.