Mamallapuram, also known as Mahabalipuram. (India likes to keep you guessing.) The Pallava dynasty reigned there in the 7th-9th century and the town is famous for its stone carvings. In fact, the area’s structures are among the oldest existing examples of Dravidian (South Indian) architecture and were added as an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.
Five-Rathas - Dating from the 7th century. Each structure was sculpted from one enormous stone and they are joined by equally large rock animals, including a massive elephant. The rathas were hidden in the sand until excavated by the British 200 years ago.