In this topic, we learn the Introduction of LTE. The Long Term Evolution represents the next development step for the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) standards group. It provides for a continually changing path from 2G GSM/GPRS, beyond 3G UMTS/HSPA, and finally towards a 4G solution.
An active antenna is an antenna that contains active electronic components like antenna-integrated radio designs place the RF module next to the passive antenna to reduce cable losses. Active Antenna does not need to be merely passive elements. With intelligent integration, active antenna technology transforms traditional antenna to contribute to base station efficiency. This enables operators to significantly increase the capacity and coverage targets set for their network. As a base station
A Work Item of the detailed specifications of 5G RAN for 5G commercial services is being conducted in 3GPP. The non-standalone NR specifications, which enable early deployment of NR carriers by exploiting LTE/LTE-Advanced carriers as the master node carriers, were completed in December 2017. read More :- http://www.codeplayon.com/2019/02/nr-physical-layer-specifications-in-5g/
5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems is abbreviated as 5G, and proposed next telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G/IMT-Advanced standards. 5G planning aims at higher capacity than current 4G, allowing a higher density of mobile broadband users, and supporting device-to-device, ultra reliable, and massive machine communications. It’s research and development also aims at lower latency than 4G equipment and lower battery consumption