Satyajit Ray (1921-1992), was a Bengali filmmaker, regarded as one of the greatest directors of world cinema. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, calligrapher, graphic designer and film critic. He authored several short stories and novels, primarily aimed at children and adolescents. Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him. In 1992, he was awarded Academic Award.
The Apu Trilogy is a trilogy consisting of three Bengali films directed by Satyajit Ray: Pather Panchali (Song of the Little Road), Aparajito (The Unvanquished) and Apur Sansar (The World of Apu). The films — completed 1955-1959 — were based on two Bengali novels written by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay: Pather Panchali (1929) and Aparajito (1932). The original music for the trilogy was composed by Ravi Shankar.
Rays grandfather was Upendra Kishor Ray Chaudhari, one of the founding members of the Bramha Samaj and his father was renowned Bengali poet who pioneered the use of non-sense verses in any Indian language, Sukumar Ray.
A press advertisement by Satyajit Ray, 1949. "In April 1943, Satyajit Ray joined a British-run advertising agency, D.J. Keymer, as a junior visualiser / (Art Director). He spend next 13 years here, until he became a full-time filmmaker after success of Pather Panchali."