Anatomy of typography
elements of type
Infographic Of The Day: Why Should You Care About Typography?
Type Guide - Created by someone who only calls themselves Noodlor, it does a pretty superb job laying out the basics of typography, such as the common types of faces, ranging from regular to condensed, and the anatomy of letterforms. There's also the very keen nugget of wisdom that 95% of graphic design is actually typography.
TypeTalk: The Anatomy of a Character - CreativePro.com
"You've known the names of letters and numbers since you were a little kid. But did you realize that every part of those characters have names, too? Knowing this terminology will help you better understand typefaces and communicate about design."