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"Kit Carson was an American frontiersman Breveted a general, he is probably the only American to reach such a high military rank without being able to read or write, although he could sign his name. Kit Carson's alliterative name, adventurous life, and participation in a large number of historical events has made him a favorite subject of novelists, historians, and biographers."
Thurgood Marshall at the NAACP. He argued more cases before the Supreme Court than anyone in history, with an astonishing success rate. And then became the first African-American Justice. Nominated by President Johnson, he retired in 1991 and expressed disappointment that Bush I would get to name his replacement. He was right to worry: Bush put in Clarence Thomas.
Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963) was an African American civil rights activist from Mississippi involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi. He became active in the civil rights movement after returning from overseas service in World War II and completing secondary education; he became a field secretary for the NAACP.
Sandra Day O'Connor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who was the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States. She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006. O'Connor was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1981. During her tenure, she was regarded as the Court's leading centrist, and was the swing vote in many cases.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. She was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took office in 1993, becoming only the second woman to serve on the Supreme Court. She studied at Harvard with just eight other women in a class of 500. Challenged by a very male-dominated, hostile environment all along her journey, she continually moved up.
Pearl Buck (1892-1973), writer, civil rights activist, winner 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born Hillsboro, West Virginia to missionary parents. Taken to China at 3 months old. Graduated Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, VA, Phi Beta Kappa, 1914. Masters from Cornell University in 1925. In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Buck established Welcome House, Inc., the first international, interracial adoption agency.