This is the earliest known Chess pieces. It was found at Afrasiab, near Samarkand, Uzbekistan by archaelogist and historian Prof. Jurij F. Burjakov in 1977. The set is made of ivory and consists of 7 pieces. They are conserved at the State Museum of Samarkand. It is dated from 6th to 8th century. About 700 AD and before 712 AD (because a coin so dated belongs to the same layer) is the most reliable (cf G. Semenov 2007).