The cap height is the height from the base line to the top of the uppercase letters.   source:http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=c

Cap Height is the beginning of the starting capital letter, these are not always bigger than ascender characters.

The 'Bowl' is the fully closed, rounded part of a letter. In other words, it is the curved part of the character that encloses the curved part of some letters, such as b, d, o, D and B.   sources: http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=b http://www.typographydeconstructed.com/category/type-glossary/

The blue portion of the "b" is an example of a bowl, which is a fully closed, rounded part of the letter.

The ascender in typography can be seen clearly in the image above. It is any part of a lower case letter that extends beyond the x-height. This can be seen in letters such as b, d, f and h. There are even specific names for some type of ascenders.   source: http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=a

ascender typography - An upwards stem on some lowercase letters that extend above the x-height is the ascender

This is an example of a cap height. The image can be found from http://www.fontshop.com/blog/newsletters/glossary/images/capheight.gif

Cap Height is the beginning of the starting capital letter, these are not always bigger than ascender characters.

Italics are a slanted type style. However it is a design trait, rather than simply the characters being slanted. One even have upright Italics. It is commonly used to emphasis the text or part of the text.   sources:  http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=i http://fontfeed.com/archives/styles-weights-widths-it%E2%80%99s-all-in-the-type-family/

Extended typefaces are ones which are horizontally wide and take up a lot of space

Extended typeface is the opposite of condensed typeface, where the type is wider that the regular or normal typeface.  source: http://www.gravitateonline.com/marketing-101/design-learning-center/typography-design/typography-overview

Extended typefaces are ones which are horizontally wide and take up a lot of space

The 'Stroke' in typography is a straight or diagonal line in a letter. It is the main diagonal part of a letterform in letters such as N, M and Y. The stroke is secondary to the main stem.   Sources: http://www.typographydeconstructed.com/category/type-glossary/http://www.typographydeconstructed.com/stroke/

The 'Stroke' in typography is a straight or diagonal line in a letter. It is the main diagonal part of a letterform in letters such as N, M and Y. The stroke is secondary to the main stem. Sources: http://www.typographydeconstructed.com/category/type-glossary/http://www.typographydeconstructed.com/stroke/

This image is an example of Body Size (see to the right of the image.) The Body Size in digital type is essentially the area that encompasses each character in a font. The height of the body size would equal the point size.   source: http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=b

Descender: The lowest portion of letters such as 'g,' 'j,' 'p.' 'q,' and 'y' that extends below the baseline, or reading line of type. (See descender line.) The portion of a lowercase letter that extends below the base line of the letter.

The 'house style' is a set of guidelines used by an organisation, such as in schools or a publishing company, that establishes 'rules' to follow when it affects the visual appearance or readability of a website or printed document. Such as the preferred spelling and fonts, capitalization, grammar, punctuation and abbreviations. It may also establish how a company logo may or may not be used.  source: http://desktoppub.about.com/od/glossary/g/housestyle.htm

The 'house style' is a set of guidelines used by an organisation, such as in schools or a publishing company, that establishes 'rules' to follow when it affects the visual appearance or readability of a website or printed document. Such as the preferred spelling and fonts, capitalization, grammar, punctuation and abbreviations. It may also establish how a company logo may or may not be used. source: http://desktoppub.about.com/od/glossary/g/housestyle.htm

The 'weight' in typography is how bold the typeface is and how heavy the strokes are.    source:  http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=w http://fontfeed.com/archives/styles-weights-widths-it’s-all-in-the-type-family/

WEIGHT - Relative darkness of the characters of a type font resulting from the relative thickness of the strokes, expressed as light, bold, extra bold.

The descender is the part of the lowercase letter that extends below the baseline. This can be seen in letters such as g, j, p, q and y. Some types of descenders have specific names.  source:http://www.fontshop.com/glossary.php?ltr=d

Descender: The lowest portion of letters such as 'g,' 'j,' 'p.' 'q,' and 'y' that extends below the baseline, or reading line of type. (See descender line.) The portion of a lowercase letter that extends below the base line of the letter.

This is an example of a 'Justified Setting' from The Times newspaper (photograph taken by me). It is quite common to find a justified setting in newspapers.

This is an example of a 'Justified Setting' from The Times newspaper (photograph taken by me). It is quite common to find a justified setting in newspapers.

Condensed fonts are narrower versions of typefaces in a specific type family. It can be used to save space, but can make it more difficult to read.   source: http://desktoppub.about.com/od/glossary/g/Condensed-Fonts.htm

How and When Should You Use Condensed Fonts?

Condensed fonts are fonts in a type family that are narrower than the regular typeface and often used to conserve space.

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