Wars of the Roses
The Arrival..Edward IV enters London through Bishopsgate to reclaim the throne on the 11th April 1471. Following the Earl of Warwick's change of allegiance and the restoration of Henry VI, Edward had been forced to flee to Flanders and the story of his return, culminating in his victories at the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, is told in 'The Arrival', a chronicle written soon after the tumultuous events of 1471.
The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on 23 September 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire. Initially, both leaders sought unsuccessfully to parley in an attempt to avoid bloodshed. In keeping with many late medieval battles, the conflict opened with an archery duel between the longbows of both armies. At Blore Heath, this proved inconclusive because of the distance between the two sides.
Edward IV's Standard bearer at Towton...After the battle, Edward gave an annuity of £10 to Ralph Vestynden, a yeoman of the King's Chamber, for his good service in bearing the standard of the Black Bull at the battle of Towton in 1461. He is shown wearing English armour based on tomb effigies of the period.