Badi' al-Zaman ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari |
Two Folios from the Kitab fi ma‘rifat al-hiyal al-handasiyya (Book of the Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices): MMA 55.121.15; folio 2v–2r; and al-Sabah Collection, Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah, Kuwait (MSLNS 17; fol
From the Harvard Art Museums’ collections Female Cupbearer (painting, recto; text, verso), illustrated folio from a manuscript of Kitab fi Ma'rifat al-Hiyal al-Handasiya (Book of the Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices) of al-Jazari
Harvard Art Museums
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"Physician Preparing an Elixir", Folio from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides | The Met
Physician Preparing an Elixir", Folio from a Materia Medica of DioscoridesTranslations of illustrated scientific treatises from Greek into Arabic became widespread in the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries in urban cultural centers of the Islamic world such as Baghdad, capital of the Abbasid caliphate (750–1258)
In biology, Al-Jāḥiẓ introduced the concept of food chains and also proposed a scheme of animal evolution that entailed natural selection, environmental determinism and possibly the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Arabic Machines: Early Schematics
Water powered systems, pulleys and gearing mechanisms, images from an arabic manuscript, datable from the 16th to 19th century. Sources: Max Planck Digital Library via Wikimedia Commons, Via: The Public Domain Review
- AKG1848172 Jagdszene / persische Miniatur 1496 Persische Miniatur, 1496. Jagdszene. Gouache auf Papier, 37,9 × 25,7 cm. Linke Seite einer doppelseitigen Miniatur. Illustration zum “Chamse” (Fünf Epen) des persischindischen Dichters und Musikwissenschaftlers Amir Khusro (1253–1325). Hazine 676. Istanbul, Topkapi Serail-Bibliothek.