Microarray Technique, Analysis, and Applications in Dermatology Knowledge of the structure of the human genome opened the doors to studying the actual function of specific genes, which is necessary to understanding health and disease. DNA microarrays are one technique that advances understanding of the genome from structure to function. (Credit: Villaseñor-Park and Ortega-Loayza, JID) Nature Publishing Group
Confocal microscopy is a technique in optical imaging that uses point illumination via a spatial pinhole to eliminate out-of-focus signals. Developed and patented by Marvin Minsky in 1955, it uses optical imaging to create a virtual slice or plane, many micrometers deep, within the tissue. (Credit: Adaobi Nwaneshiudu, JID) Nature Publishing Group
The first multi-gene test that can help predict cancer patients' responses to treatment using the latest DNA sequencing techniques has been launched in the NHS, thanks to a partnership between scientists at the University of Oxford and Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust.