Fayum Mummy Portraits usually depict a single person, showing the head, or head and upper chest, viewed frontally. The background is always monochrome, sometimes with decorative elements. In terms of artistic tradition, the images clearly derive more from Graeco-Roman traditions than Egyptian ones. The population of the Fayum area was greatly enhanced by a wave of Greek immigrants during the Ptolemaic period.
Fayum mummy portrait - These very individual portraits arose in the multi-cultural, multi-ethnic society of Roman Egypt. Most are painted in an elaborate encaustic technique [pigments were mixed into beeswax, along with egg, resin, and/or linseed oil]