Wars of the Roses fought in medieval England 1455-1485 between House Lancaster & House York. Name is based on badges used by the 2 sides,red rose for the Lancastrians & white rose for the Yorkists. Major causes of the conflict: both houses direct descendants of king Edward III; ruling Lancastrian king, Henry VI w/ unpopular nobles;civil unrest w/ pop.; lords with private armies; & episodes of mental illness by Henry VI.Wars ended when Richard III (last Yorkist king)defeated at Bosworth in…
Portraits of true grit: Amazing black-and-white photos capture the everyday struggles of Oklahoma farmers fighting to survive the Dust Bowl
We are very pleased to offer prints from Sir William Segar’s 6 volume authoritative genealogical work, Baronagium Genealogicum: or the Pedigrees of the English, published in London in 1764. It is truly an astonishing work, with 6 title pages, 6 dedications, 298 coats-of-arms (3 double-page) and 383 family trees (102 double-paged). It sells for as much as $38,000 in its entirety.
King Edward III (1327-1377). House of Plantagenet. 17th great-grandfather of QEII. Reign: 50 yrs, 4 mos, 25 days. Succeeded by grandson, Richard II. In 1330 he had his mother, Isabella imprisoned for life. 1337 began the 100 Years' War with France. Created the Order of the Garter in 1344. In 1350 bubonic plague kills 1/3 of England's population. Improved the monarchy after his father's chaotic reign. Edward III died of a stroke at 64 years old.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204). One of the most powerful women in European history. Wife of two kings (Louis VII king of France Henry II Plantagenet king of England) and mother of other three (Henry the Young King, Richard I Lionheart John I Lackland). Joined her military on the Crusades. Spent 16 years imprisoned. Poisoned her husband's mistress. Died a nun at 82 years old.
Geoffrey V of Anjou - Founder of the House of "Plantagenet" - This surname comes from the Latin, "planta genista." Geoffrey V, [1113-1151], had, according to tradition, the habit of wearing a broom sprig in his helmet, whence the French variant, Plantegenet, arose. Later traditions, equally unverifiable, claim that Geoffrey, in penitence for some unknown sin, scourged himself with branches from a broom plant.