Dederiyeh, Syria - 1993 - Discovered by a team led by Takeru Akazawa - Between 70,000 and 50,000 years old - Homo neanderthalensis This skull is from the skeleton of a two-year-old Neanderthal who grew at a rate similar to that of modern humans, with a long childhood. We can tell this because the leg bones of this child are about the same length as those of a modern two-year-old, indicating that this young. As childhood lengthened, parents devoted more time and energy to caring for the…
"Part of Shanidar 1's skull, showing the unusual wear on his front teeth. ... That 'Nandy' [as they called him at the dig] made himself useful around the hearth (two hearths were found very close to him) is evidenced by the unusual wear on his front teeth. It presumably indicates that in lieu of a right arm, he used his jaws for grasping, while manipulating with his good left arm and hand." Good description of the implications of these disabilities at the click-through.
Major forensic investigation reveals secrets about Ned Kelly
The famous Shanidar I: He was aged between 40 and 50 years, remarkably old for a Neanderthal—equivalent to 80 years old today—and displayed severe signs of deformity, which would have been debilitating to the point of making day-to-day life painful and caring for himself difficult. Yet he lived a long time with these disabilities, and when he died, he was buried carefully, covered in flowers and ocher.