Emilio Gino Segrè 1959    Born: 1 February 1905, Tivoli, Italy    Died: 22 April 1989, Lafayette, CA, USA    Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA    Prize motivation: "for their discovery of the antiproton"    Field: Particle physics

Emilio Gino Segrè 1959 Born: 1 February 1905, Tivoli, Italy Died: 22 April 1989, Lafayette, CA, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA Prize motivation: "for their discovery of the antiproton" Field: Particle physics

Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie 1929    Born: 15 August 1892, Dieppe, France    Died: 19 March 1987, Paris, France    Affiliation at the time of the award: Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, France    Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons"    Field: Quantum mechanics

Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie 1929 Born: 15 August 1892, Dieppe, France Died: 19 March 1987, Paris, France Affiliation at the time of the award: Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré, Paris, France Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons" Field: Quantum mechanics

Max Planck was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. Planck made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame rests primarily on his role as originator of the quantum theory. This theory revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes, just as Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionized the understanding of space and time.

Max Planck was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. Planck made many contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame rests primarily on his role as originator of the quantum theory. This theory revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes, just as Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionized the understanding of space and time.

Eric A. Cornell 2001    Born: 19 December 1961, Palo Alto, CF, USA    Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO, USA    Prize motivation: "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"    Field: Atomic physics

Eric A. Cornell 2001 Born: 19 December 1961, Palo Alto, CF, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO, USA Prize motivation: "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates" Field: Atomic physics

Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, for which all three won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, for which all three won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Simon van der Meer 1984    Born: 24 November 1925, the Hague, the Netherlands    Died: 4 March 2011, Geneva, Switzerland    Affiliation at the time of the award: CERN, Geneva, Switzerland    Prize motivation: "for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction"    Field: Experimental particle physics

Simon van der Meer 1984 Born: 24 November 1925, the Hague, the Netherlands Died: 4 March 2011, Geneva, Switzerland Affiliation at the time of the award: CERN, Geneva, Switzerland Prize motivation: "for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction" Field: Experimental particle physics

Maria Goeppert Mayer: 1906-1972; Maria Goeppert-Mayer was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus. She is the second female laureate in physics, after Marie Curie.

Maria Goeppert Mayer: 1906-1972; Maria Goeppert-Mayer was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus. She is the second female laureate in physics, after Marie Curie.

MURRAY GELL-MANN  (1929– ) won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for “his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions.” Gell-Mann was a postdoctoral research associate in 1951 and a visiting research professor from 1952-1953.

MURRAY GELL-MANN (1929– ) won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for “his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions.” Gell-Mann was a postdoctoral research associate in 1951 and a visiting research professor from 1952-1953.

James Watson Cronin 1980    Born: 29 September 1931, Chicago, IL, USA    Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA    Prize motivation: "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"    Field: Particle physics

James Watson Cronin 1980 Born: 29 September 1931, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Prize motivation: "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons" Field: Particle physics

Richard E. Taylor 1990    Born: 2 November 1929, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada    Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA    Prize motivation: "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"    Field: Particle physics

Richard E. Taylor 1990 Born: 2 November 1929, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA Prize motivation: "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics" Field: Particle physics

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