1849- Faustin Soulouque, President of Haiti, has himself crowned Emperor. A freed slave, Soulouque had fought in the Haitian Revolution and worked his way up through the military of the new state. Appointed president at age 65 by Haiti's ruling elite because they thought he would be malleable, he surprised them by establishing a secret police and removing old power brokers from their positions through layoffs and/or murders. Soulouque's bid for personal autocracy will last almost ten years.
"I was born a slave, but nature gave me the soul of a free man." Francois-Dominique Toussaint Louverture, a freed slave and a General in the Haitian Army, led the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804). It led to the end of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti. Revolution inspired by the American Revolution. French colony of Saint Dominge had a large slave population.
Born: August 1, 1911, Monongahela, PA Died: December 26, 1985 Jackie Ormes was the first African-American female cartoonist. Ormes' cartoon characters — Torchy Brown, Candy, Patty-Jo & Ginger — delighted readers of African-American newspapers such as the Chicago Defender and Pittsburgh Courier between 1937-56.