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Sparta, or Lacedaemon, was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces

Otter, Late Period or Ptolemaic Period, 664–30 B.C. Bronze or copper alloy - During the Late Period and Ptolemaic times otters were represented in bronzes statuettes such as this one, standing, forepaws raised, atop small bronze boxes. The pose of raised paws signifies the otter's adoration of the sun god when he rises in the morning. In myth otters were attached to the goddess of Lower Egypt Wadjet, whose cult was centered in Buto, in the northern Delta.

A Magnificent and Important Proto-Elamite Arsenical Copper Striding Figure with Ibex Horns, a Raptor Skin Draped Around the Shoulders, and Upturned Boots Arsenical copper,ca 3000 BCE,from Iran or Mesopotamia. Sumerian culture.