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The Brusilov Offensive, named after its commander Russian General Alexei Brusilov, was originally planned as part of a co-ordinated series of Allied offensives against the Central Powers, but became a desperately needed means of easing the pressure on French forces at Verdun, and Italian forces at Asiago. The Brusilov Offensive was stunningly successful at first, taking huge numbers of Austro-Hungarian prisoners, but Russian casualties quickly mounted as the offensive dragged on. WATCH THE…

Military deaths by country in World War One. The estimated total for Russia and Germany was roughly the same, around 1.7 million. Serbia lost more men killed as a proportion of those who fought than any other country. WATCH THE VIDEO

The Battle of Waterloo was fought 8 miles south of Brussels, on a battlefield chosen by the Duke of Wellington, commander of the Anglo-Allied army, for its defensive potential. The Anglo-Allied troops (RED) were deployed behind a gentle ridge, which offered protection from French artillery fire. Three farmhouses forward of the line, at Hougoumont, La Haye Sainte, and Papelotte, were fortified and garrisoned with elite troops. It was a deceptively strong position, but Wellington remained…

Map of the Somme sector in the summer of 1916, showing the three German defensive lines in red (with the third still under construction).

As soon as war was declared, Britain began a naval blockade of Germany, aiming to cut off all maritime trade and starve the Germany economy of much-needed resources. The British naval blockade in World War One was especially controversial as food was included in the list of prohibited goods, thereby targeting the German civilian population. The blockade also antagonised neutral countries, including the USA, who demanded that their trade with European nations not be interfered with. WATCH…