Peel Engineering typically more than 95% of a car's energy is used just to move itself, The Carless Class is defined by eliminating this old fashioned "car equation." Vehicles in The Carless Class still have a full fairing but often just 3 wheels, some have pedal and most have electric assist.
1905 Woods Electric. Woods Motor Vehicle Company was an American manufacturer of electric automobiles in Chicago, Illinois between 1899 and 1916. In 1915 they produced the Dual Power (U.S. Patent # 1244045) with both electric and internal combustion engines and this continued until 1918. The company was started by Clinton Edgar Woods who "wrote the first book on electric vehicles."