Groningen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣroːnɪŋə(n)] ( listen); Gronings: Grunnen; West Frisian: Grins) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands. With a population of 197,823 (in 2014), it is the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. An old city, Groningen was the regional power of the northern Netherlands, a semi-independent city-state and member of the German Hanseatic League.
Men of the Dutch Labor Service on the 'Grote Markt' in Groningen, The Netherlands. On the left is the W.A. headquarters 'het Scholten-huis'. In the Scholten huis many innocent Dutch civilians were tortured or killed.