The Moors - Although generations of Spanish rulers have tried to expunge this era from the historical record, recent archeology and scholarship now shed fresh light on the Moors who flourished in Al-Andalus for more than 700 years – from 711 AD until 1492. The Moorish advances in mathematics, astronomy, art, and agriculture helped propel Europe out of the Dark Ages and into the Renaissance.
People of Color in European Art History Vincente Albán A Distinguished Woman and an Enslaved Woman with Various Fruits and Vegetables of Ecuador Ecuador, Spain (c. 1783) Oil on Canvas. Museo de America, Madrid, Spain.
Afro-German Ignatius Fortuna († 1789), Kammermohr. Ignatius Christianus Fridericus Fortuna (died 1789) was an African or "Moor" prominent in the court of Countess Palatine Francisca Christina of Sulzbach.[
Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. The author explores the little-told story of black Indians, defined here as people with dual African and Native American ancestry or African Americans who lived primarily with Native Americans. Using fascinating biographies and detailed research, Katz creates a chronology of this hidden heritage during the settlement of the American West.