This partnership is illustrated by three key pillars: 1- A commitment to strict terms and conditions as regards the cocoa farmers with whom we work directly 2- Long-term relations that enable us to provide the producers with a steady income and guaranteed profitability. 3- The provision by Valrhona of developed techniques that have been proven throughout its experience (such as the search for new sources and fermentation) that enable producers to enhance their land.
The subspecies of Theobroma Cacao are Criollo and Forestero. The flowers grow directly on trunk and branches of these evergreen trees. The plant is pollinated by midges (Forciponia sp). 60% of the flowers never get pollinated, & abscise in 48 hours. Only about 5% of pollinated flowers receive enough pollen to initiate fruit development.