Before death and desecration: Henry IV of France -- Good King Henry rose to the throne in 1589 when his cousin, Henry III of France, was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic monk. Used to be friendly with Elizabeth I -- until he converted to Catholicism. He is almost always shown in armour.
Tudor Rose, Cambridge King's College -- The emblem of King Henry VIII was the Tudor rose and the Beaufort portcullis. The red and white Tudor rose represented the combination of the House of York and the House of Lancaster. The Beaufort portcullis relates to his Tudor ancestors.
Jasper Tudor son of Owen Tudor and Katherine of Valois (widow of Henry V) and half brother of Henry VI. Brother of Edmund Tudor (father of the future Henry VII). Jasper played a major role on behalf of the Lancastians in the Wars of the Roses and was with his nephew Henry Tudor in exile in Brittany. He married during Henry VII's reign, but had no legitimate heir.
After Henry took his dead brother Arthur's bride the foundations were laid for one of the most spectacular reigns in English history. He was the perfect Renaissance prince, but his first wife Katherine of Aragon's failure to produce a male heir brought out his darker side and led to his dismantling of the established church in England. By the time of his death, he had married six times.