December 1,1640: Portuguese Restoration War Portugal’s Revolution of 1640 ended the 60 year rule of Portugal by Spain. Peace was restored in 1668 with the help of English mediation, by the Treaty of Lisbon, ending the Iberian Union. The House of Braganza was established as Portugal's new ruling dynasty, replacing the Spanish House of Habsburg.
While in his 20's Magellan sailed on the Arabian Sea and into this battle. The Battle of Diu (1509) solidified the previous fifteen years of Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean. It also provided the springboard that allowed the Portuguese to gain maritime control of the Indian Ocean for almost the entirety of the next century.
Cabral (center-left, pointing) sights the Brazilian mainland for the first time on 22 April 1500. This Day in History: Apr 22,1500: Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/