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December 1,1640: Portuguese Restoration War Portugal’s Revolution of 1640 ended the 60 year rule of Portugal by Spain. Peace was restored in 1668 with the help of English mediation, by the Treaty of Lisbon, ending the Iberian Union. The House of Braganza was established as Portugal's new ruling dynasty, replacing the Spanish House of Habsburg.

Portuguese navigator, Ferdinand Magellan and his crew were the first people to circumnavigate the globe . Magellan died during the expedition but his party completed the journey.

El-Rei D. João II de Portugal e dos Algarves (1455-1495) "O Príncipe Perfeito". Casa Real: Avis Editorial: Real Lidador Portugal Autor: Rui Miguel

While in his 20's Magellan sailed on the Arabian Sea and into this battle. The Battle of Diu (1509) solidified the previous fifteen years of Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean. It also provided the springboard that allowed the Portuguese to gain maritime control of the Indian Ocean for almost the entirety of the next century.

Cabral (center-left, pointing) sights the Brazilian mainland for the first time on 22 April 1500. This Day in History: Apr 22,1500: Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/

Vasco Nunez de Balboa was able to find a route through the tropical forests of Panama with the help of Native Americans and gazed at what would be later on called the south sea.