Africans were performing many advanced medical procedures long before they had been conceived in Europe. Successful Cesarean section performed by indigenous healers in Kahura, Uganda. As observed by R. W. Felkin in 1879 from his article "Notes on Labour in Central Africa" published in the Edinburgh Medical Journal, volume 20, April 1884, pages 922-930.
Captain James Augustus Grant (1827-1892) travelling from Karagwe to Buganda. John Speke had, months earlier left a sick Grant in Karagwe. Grant would rejoin him in Buganda. Engraving from Journal of discovery of source of Nile by Captain John Hanning Speke (1827-1864), Africa, 1864
Missionary groups such as the “Society of the Great White Fathers” often paved the way for European colonization of Africa by first uprooting the traditional religious faiths of the indigenous Africans.