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Functional nerve cells from skin cells -- ScienceDaily

These are mature nerve cells generated from human cells using enhanced transcription factors.

Structural States of a Brain Receptor Revealed - NeuroscienceNews.com - Structure of the glutamate receptor, showing the part where glutamate binds outside the cell and the part that spans the cell membrane (between the dotted lines). Image Credit Subrama

The cardinal neurotransmitter is “Glutamate” normally indulged in learning and memory. It stimulates areas in brain or other lumps of nervous system, it is an amino acid, made by proteins.

Gene that INCREASES IQ sparks new hope for dementia sufferers - U.S. study found the protein called klotho boosts brain skills - Researchers found protein could raise IQ by up to 6 points - It also raised possibility that a 'smart' drug could become available

Gene that INCREASES IQ sparks new hope for dementia sufferers

Do YOU have the smart gene? Trait associated with better ageing and cognitive skills is present in one in five people One in five people carry a single copy of the gene

For the first time scientists have succeeded in taking skin cells from heart failure patients and reprogramming them to transform into healthy, new heart muscle cells that are capable of integrating with existing heart tissue.

Patients' skin cells turned into heart muscle cells to repair their damaged hearts

The research, which is published online May 22 in the European Heart Journal, opens up the prospect of treating heart failure patients with their own, human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to repair their damaged hearts.

Researchers Identify New Rare Neuromuscular Disease - NeuroscienceNews.com - An international team of researchers has identified a new inherited neuromuscular disorder. The rare condition is the result of a genetic mutation that interferes with the communication between nerves and muscles, resulting in impaired muscle control. image credit: University of Rochester #neuroscience #science

This image shows an outline of a person with the sinal cord and nerves highlighted in yellow.

Treating Depression With Non-Invasive Vagus Nerve Stimulation - Researchers of a new study published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry report successful reduction of depressive symptoms in patients using a novel non-invasive method of vagus nerve stimulation. Credit:Jelle W. R. Van Leusden, Roberta Sellaro and Lorenza S. Colzato/Frontiers in Psychology. #science #health #neurology

Treating Depression With Non-Invasive Vagus Nerve Stimulation - Researchers of a new study published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry report successful reduction of depressive symptoms in patients using a novel non-invasive method of vagus ne

Scientists Grow Functional Nerve Cells Using Stem Cells

A major breakthrough, the development could accelerate the development of new drugs and stem cell-based regenerative medicine.

Invading glioblastoma cells may hijack cerebral blood vessels during early stages of disease progression and damage the brain’s protective barrier, a study in mice indicates. This finding could ultimately lead to new ways to bring about the death of the tumor, as therapies may be able to reach these deadly cells at an earlier time point than was previously thought possible.

Invading glioblastoma cells may hijack cerebral blood vessels during early stages of disease progression and damage the brain's protective barrier, a study in mice indicates. This finding could ultimately lead to new ways to bring about the death of the

If you think this image looks like the fluorescent outline of a brain, you’re on the right track. The green threads show neurons that have just formed from unspecialized cells called stem cells. Learn more at http://biobeat.nigms.nih.gov/2014/10/cool-image-of-surfaces-and-stem-cells. Credit Kiessling Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

In Directing Stem Cells, Study Shows Context Matters - Figuring out how blank slate stem cells decide which kind of cell they want to be when they grow up — a muscle cell, a bone cell, a neuron — has been no small task for science.

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