RÉFÉRENCES ET SYMBOLES DANS GUERNICA. Le motif du taureau et notamment du Minotaure d'une part et de la corrida d'autre part, est très importante dans la carrière de Picasso. Dans Guernica, il devient une figure assez ambiguë, symbole de la bestialité et de la cruauté pour les uns, symbole de la force et de la résistance pour les autres.
Nancy Wake - Known as "The White Mouse" to Nazi agents, Wake was one of the most notorious members of the French Resistance, working on numerous sabotage operations and organizing more than 700 Resistance members into a guerilla fighting force. She was the Gestapo's most wanted spy, with a five-million-franc bounty on her head, and she once killed an SS sentry with her bare hands to prevent him from raising an alarm. A true hero.
Madeleine Dreyfus (1909–1987) worked to smuggle Jewish children to safety within German-occupied France from 1941 until she was arrested by the Gestapo in November, 1943. She was deported to Bergen-Belsen, where she was liberated in May 1945. In 1947 she was awarded the Médaille de la Resistance.