The german Schienenwolf railroad plough, a device designed to destroy railway sleepersas they retreated, so their enemies, the soviets, couldn’t use them. Part of the Scorched Earth policy launched by the Germans after they began to get repulsed from the Soviet Union.
In 1915, after recovering from his first wound, Rommel returned to the trenches in France's Argonne forest. During the war he won Germany' highest decoration by capturing a mountain and 9,000 Italians stationed there.
An exemplar of a bitter, grueling land battle, Iwo Jima also saw prodigious air and sea power brought to bear as American and Japanese troops clashed over control of the tiny Pacific island. American forces finally captured Iwo Jima — and its two strategic airfields — in late March, 1945.
These photos were taken from by Lt. Walter Koessler during his time as a German officer, during World War I. German trenches were known for being well-built. They were built to last, and included small gardens, bunk beds, common rooms, and kitchens.