The WORLD THAT WE ARE LOSING. Peru. This photo, is from the Aymara or Aimara. ( with accent in the first "a" ). They are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Andes and Altiplano regions, of South America; about 2 million live in Bolivia, Peru, and Chile. The Uros, are a pre-Incan people who live on forty-two self-fashioned floating islands in Lake Titicaca, (nearby the city of Puno), Peru, and Bolivia. Uros Islands, Lake Titicaca. & the hat is different.