Matthew Paris. The most detailed of four maps drawn to accompany his chronicles abt.1300. The oldest surviving medieval map from England and "the largest, most detailed and most perfectly preserved medieval map in the world.
The map is oriented with south at the top. The red area is the "Red sea" and below the red sea in the centre of the map the holy city of Jerusalem is situated. This late medieval mappamundi, produced at Constance in 1448 by Andreas Walsperger, represents a transitional type of cartography that was beginning to unfold in western Europe before the Renaissance.