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Pioneers and Homesteaders - They came and flourished. Not the end of the rainbow but the end of rail and trail, West. They brought dreams and civilization. Education, Churches, Law, Self Government, Family, values of hard work and self reliance expressed in many languages and customs. Many nations made One.

Explore all the state of New York has to offer including fun things to do, year round events and festivals, world class hotels and award-winning restaurants.

Joseph McCoy, At the end of the Civil War when millions of longhorns were left on the plains of Texas without a market, the Union Pacific was building west across Kansas. Joseph McCoy, an Illinois stockman, believed these cattle could be herded north for shipment by rail. He built yards at Abilene and sent agents to notify the Texas cattlemen. In 1867 the first drives were made up the Chisholm Trail and during the next five years more than a million head were received. Date: 1880

Santa-Fe-Trail-Route-Map - the trail ends in Independence. A part of it veers to Ft. Leavenworth. Between 1821 and 1860, the Santa Fe Trail was primarily a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. From 1821 until 1846, it was an international commercial highway used by Mexican and American traders.

Father Ambrose Mattingly took pictures from several South Dakota Indian Reservations including the Standing Rock, Yankton, Lower Brule, and Crow Creek. He took this picture of homesteaders in front of their prairie home near Stephan, S.D. This type of home was quite common along with homes made of sod, or 'soddies,' among prairie homesteaders in the late 1800s.