Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, a French painter, who became the president and co-founder of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In Monmartre he had an affair with one of his models, Suzanne Valadon, who would become one of the leading artists of the day as well as the mother, teacher, and mentor of Maurice Utrillo.
Paul Citroen (Dutch, born Germany. 1896–1983) Self-Portrait, 1930. Roelof Paul Citroen was a German-born Dutch artist, art educator and co-founder of the New Art Academy in Amsterdam. Among his best known works are the photo-montage Metropolis and the 1949 Dutch postage stamps.
Fred Walters, a somewhat troubled artist associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Photograph by Lewis Carroll, presumably after 1857 when Walters lost his right arm after falling off a ladder while drunk.
Born in Russia in 1866, Léon Bakst belonged to that young generation of European artists who rebelled against 19th century stage realism, which had become pedantic and literal, without imagination or theatricality. There were no specialist trained theatre designers, so painters like Léon Bakst turned their painting skills to theatre design. Bakst’s fame lay in the ballets he designed for the Diaghilev Ballets Russes, and huge pageant spectaculars for dancer and patron, Ida Rubinstein.