Ellen Swallow Richards - the foremost female industrial & environmental chemist in the 19th-century US, pioneering the field of home economics. She was the first woman admitted to MIT & its first female instructor; the first woman in the US accepted to any school of science or Technology, & the first American woman with a degree in chemistry.
Nellie Bly entered Blackwell's island Asylum in 1887 under the guise of insanity under assignment from Joseph Pulitzer. She wrote, "From the moment I entered the insane ward on the Island, I made no attempt to keep up the assumed role of insanity. I talked and acted just as I do in ordinary life. Yet strange to say, the more sanely I talked and acted, the crazier I was thought to be by all...." Her book Ten Days in a Mad-House, resulted in a grand jury investigation