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Rhoda Ray circa 1897 - born a slave and freed in 1865

Rhoda Ray, born slave referred 2 as- “Aunt Rhoda”. During th Battle f Wilson’s Creek, Rhoda & hr children sought shelter in Ray house, then helped treat th wounded after th house was occupied as a Southern field hospital. She was freed in 1865

MARTIN JACKSON, born in bondage, 1847, may be the only living former slave, (at the time of these interviews) who served in both the Civil War and the World War.  (Texas Slave Narratives, ca. 1936-1938)

MARTIN JACKSON, born in bondage, may be the only living former slave, (at the time of these interviews) who served in both the Civil War and the World War. (Texas Slave Narratives, ca. - Visit to grab an amazing super hero shirt now on sale!

The fertility of enslaved women was examined by owners to make sure they were able to birth as many children as possible. Secretly, slaveowners would impregnate enslaved women and when the child was born and grew to an age where he could work on the fields, they would take the “very same children (of their) …

The fertility of enslaved women was examined by owners to make sure they were able to birth as many children as possible. Secretly, slaveowners would impregnate enslaved women and when the child was born and

Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield (1824-1876) was called "the Black Swan" because of the elegance of her voice and grace of her state presence. Born a slave in Natchez, MS, she was freed when her mistress joined the Society of Friends. She began studying music in 1846. In 1854, she became the first African American singer to perform for Britain's royal family.

Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield dubbed "The Black Swan", was an African-American singer considered the best-known black concert artist of her time

Mahala Lynch Davis, slave and free woman. She was owned by Isaac P. Davis, who brought her to Ohio, freed her, then married her in 1857.

Mahala Lynch Davis owned by Isaac Davis who brought her to Ohio , freed her , then wed her in 1857

1869 Robert Freeman Tanner becomes the first African American to earn a dental degree (Harvard University). In the same year, Howard University Law School becomes the United States’ first Black law school.

George Franklin Grant was the first African American professor at Harvard. Inventor of golf tee made of wood and a chemical used to cover teeth (he was a dentist). Fascinating information I never would have known.

JULIA FRANCIS DANIELS, born a slave, 1848, in Georgia.  "I has 17 chill'en through the year.  I ain't what I used to be for work'in.  I done plenty work in my primer days."   (Texas Slave Narratives 1936-1938)

JULIA FRANCIS DANIELS, born a slave, in Georgia. I ain't what I used to be for work'in. I done plenty work in my primer days.

Elizabeth Keckley (1818-1907), a mixed-race woman bought her freedom in 1855 for $1200.  Keckley was an accomplished dressmaker and went on ...

Elizabeth Keckley was a former slave who became a successful seamstress, civic activist and author in Washington, DC. She was best known as the personal modiste and confidante of Mary Todd Lincoln.

African-American inventor Elijah the Real McCoy was born in Canada on May 2, 1844, the son of escaped slaves.  During his life time McCoy received 57 patents for devices which improved versions of his automatic lubrication process. The high quality of McCoy's inventions gained such notoriety that the phrase "the Real McCoy" was coined to distinguish his inventions from cheap imitations.

Elijah McCoy, an African-American man, invented a device to keep train wheels oiled while the train was running. Others tried similar devices, but his was the best – and that’s the origination of the phrase The Real McCoy

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