Captain H H Davies of Birkenhead, checks a collection of paintings found in the house of a member of the SS in Hanover who had looted them from The Netherlands. Captain Davies was in charge of the Property Control Department of the Military Government, his job being to take over Nazi controlled buildings and property, including looted works of art. The latter were held for safe keeping until returned in due course to their rightful owners.
Monument Men-Lt. Col. Ernest Dewald, Director of the MFAA and professor of art and archaeology, Princeton University, and other Monuments Men examine treasures from the Holy Roman Empire after their restitution to Vienna. February 1946.
Nazi looted art-Who Owns What: Nazi-Art Looting and the Question of Restitution Nazi-looted art continues to be a controversial topic for museums in the present day. Museum Trustees and Directors should be aware of the provenance of their collections, and if they are the owners of stolen goods from Jewish victims, they should follow the numerous different professional and ethical codes presented by international societies, governments, and organizations.
As allied forces fought the Nazis for control of Europe during World War II, an unlikely unit of American and British art experts formed the Allied Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives section (MFAA) to wage a shadow campaign. Tasked by FDR with going into Germany to rescue artistic masterpieces from Nazi thieves, these heroes became known as The Monuments Men. On February 7, 2014, the film The Monuments Men will be released.
Stained-glass windows of Strasbourg cathedral. Charles Parkhurst Papers The Nazis had moved the Strasbourg cathedral windows to a salt mine at Heilbronn, Germany, where they were found by the Seventh US Army in April 1945. Monuments man Harry Ettlinger (right) is shown here inspecting them.