Page 2 of complaint against Segregated South Carolina Schools, 1950 (page 2 of 4). The complaint against segregated schools in Clarendon County, South Carolina, charges that denying admittance to African American students on the basis of race violates their guarantee of equal protection under the 14th Amendment. National Archives, via Flickr
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940), was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL). He founded the Black Star Line, part of the Back-to-Africa movement, which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands.