Ottoman mamluke officer, brought when young into the country as a slave he could eventually rise through the ranks and perhaps become a Bey. The Porte Ottoman central government) tried to restore its authority in Egypt, by reducing the power of the Beys and Mamelukes. The Pacha sent Albanian soldiers to Grand Cairo having in 1811 already made use of the latter in surprising and putting to death a large body of the Mamlukes and subsequently given orders for the destruction of the rest.
”Three different Turks”. Ca. 1880, Late-Ottoman Empire. From left to right: a ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army), a beggar (holding up his left hand) and – probably - a lower-rank military of the regular army, on leave.