The Orange Oakleaf or Dead Leaf (Kallima inachus) is a nymphalid butterfly found in tropical Asia from India to Japan. With wings closed, it closely resembles a dry leaf with dark veins and is a spectacular example of camouflage. (photo by Quartl)
The Dead Leaf Mantis, Deroplatys Truncata, is a common name given to various species of Praying Mantis that mimic dead leaves. It is most often used in reference to species within genus Deroplatys because of their popularity as exotic pets.