Catholic Reformation: Religious reform movement within the Christian Church, begun in response to the Protestant Reformation. It clarified Catholic theology and reformed clerical training and discipline. It was also known as Counter-Reformation.
Predestination -The idea that God had already chosen who would go to heaven and who would go to hell. This was the main idea behind calvinism. -John Calvin believed in this because he believed free will lessen the belief of God.
The execution in 1555 of John Rogers (1500-1555) is portrayed here in the 9th edition of the famous Protestant martyrology, Fox's Book of Martyrs. Description from b-womeninamericanhistory17.blogspot.com. I searched for this on bing.com/images
INDULGENCE: Individuals who sin alienate themselves from God. To be reconciled to God, the sinner must confess his or her sins to a priest and do an assigned penance. Indulgences were literal tickets that the church would sell in order to send civilians directly to heaven rather than to hell or purgatory.
ICONOCLASM: Protestant mobs in many cities took down and smashed statues, stained-glass windows, and paintings. This was an example of men and women carrying out the Reformation themselves. The mobs would rethink the church's system of meaning and the relationship between the unseen and the seen.