Bessie A. Buchanan, born March 7, 1902, in New York City, New York, died in September 1980, becomes an entertainer and politician. At age 19, she appeared in "Shuffle Along," one of the first all-Black Broadway shows to become a hit. She worked as a chorus girl at the famed Cotton Club and recorded a few albums. In 1952, she and long-time friend Josephine Baker went to the Stork Club. The white staff refused to serve them. This puts Buchanan in the forefront as a champion for civil rights.