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Festive village costumes from the Marmara-region (northwest-Turkey). Greek Propontidas-style.  First quarter of the 20th century. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Festive village costumes from the Marmara-region (northwest-Turkey). Greek Propontidas-style. First quarter of the 20th century. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-up of a traditional festive costume from the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa).  Village (rural) style, ca. mid-20th century.  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-up of a traditional festive costume from the Karakeçeli (Yörük) villages of the Keles district (south of Bursa). Village (rural) style, ca. mid-20th century. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive costumes from the Arabic speaking villages south of Urfa.  Clothing style: 1990s.  Most parts of these costumes were bought in Urfa and Harran (as the villagers do too).  (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional festive costumes from the Arabic speaking villages south of Urfa. Clothing style: 1990s. Most parts of these costumes were bought in Urfa and Harran (as the villagers do too). (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive ensemble (‘şalvar’/baggy trousers + ‘cepken’/long-sleeved vest) from the Afyon  province.  Late-Ottoman, urban style, circa 1900.  Adorned with goldwork embroidery (in ‘Maraş işi’-technique) on silk.  Trousers and vest were purchased in Afyon in 1989.  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive ensemble (‘şalvar’/baggy trousers + ‘cepken’/long-sleeved vest) from the Afyon province. Late-Ottoman, urban style, circa 1900. Adorned with goldwork embroidery (in ‘Maraş işi’-technique) on silk. Trousers and vest were purchased in Afyon in 1989. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Festive village costume of Günyurdu (formerly: Bakraz) Köyü (Bilecik province).  Mid-20th century, but still in use (e.g. during the annual Yörük festivals in the region).  Ethnic group: Yörük.

Festive village costume of Günyurdu (formerly: Bakraz) Köyü (Bilecik province). Mid-20th century, but still in use (e.g. during the annual Yörük festivals in the region). Ethnic group: Yörük.

Front and rear of a ‘göynek’ (underdress for women) with (wool on cotton) embroidery on the rear only.  Part of a festive costume.  From the rural southern part of the Bursa province, mid-20th century.  Ethnic group: Yörük.  (Inv.nr. gnk065 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front and rear of a ‘göynek’ (underdress for women) with (wool on cotton) embroidery on the rear only. Part of a festive costume. From the rural southern part of the Bursa province, mid-20th century. Ethnic group: Yörük. (Inv.nr. gnk065 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-up of a traditional festive ensemble (‘şalvar’/baggy trousers + ‘cepken’/long-sleeved vest) from the Bursa   region.  Late-Ottoman, well-to-do rural style, circa 1925.  Adorned with goldwork embroidery (in ‘Maraş işi’-technique) on silk.  Trousers and vest were purchased in Bursa in 1988.  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Close-up of a traditional festive ensemble (‘şalvar’/baggy trousers + ‘cepken’/long-sleeved vest) from the Bursa region. Late-Ottoman, well-to-do rural style, circa 1925. Adorned with goldwork embroidery (in ‘Maraş işi’-technique) on silk. Trousers and vest were purchased in Bursa in 1988. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Rear view (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman street-wear, from the Aleppo-Gaziantep area, ca. 1900. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Called 'ferace', 'bürgü' or 'çarşaf' in Anatolia (depending on the region where it was worn). Made of 2 large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and a kind of large airy cape.  The silk fabric is called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer004 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Rear view (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman street-wear, from the Aleppo-Gaziantep area, ca. 1900. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Called 'ferace', 'bürgü' or 'çarşaf' in Anatolia (depending on the region where it was worn). Made of 2 large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and a kind of large airy cape. The silk fabric is called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer004 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive costume, from the Seyitgazi district (prov. Eskişehir). A remainder of the so-called ‘Bahriye’-style (= ‘Navy’), which was popular in Istanbul in the early 20th century.   Silver thread embroidery on velvet.  The ensemble was made in the early 1990s; the ‘tokalı kemer’ (belt) is older: c. 1925.  (Kavak Folklor Ekibi&Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal/festive costume, from the Seyitgazi district (prov. Eskişehir). A remainder of the so-called ‘Bahriye’-style (= ‘Navy’), which was popular in Istanbul in the early 20th century. Silver thread embroidery on velvet. The ensemble was made in the early 1990s; the ‘tokalı kemer’ (belt) is older: c. 1925. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi&Costume Collection-Antwerpen/Belgium).

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