France, 19th century — traditional costumes from Nivernais, Dauphiné, former county of Nice, Mâconnais, Bresse and Bourbonnais. Auguste Racinet, from Le costume historique (The costume history) vol. 6, Paris, 1888. (Source: archive.org)
A painting of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz. Though Shah Jahan had other wives, he loved his wife Mumtaz so much he built the Taj Mahal in her honor. A nice little romantic gesture, no?
Man's robe (Jama) of white cotton muslin embroidered with gold. Woven in vertical stripes, alternately clear and opaque. The clear stripes are patterned at regular intervals with sprigs of gold foil, applied to the face of the material and stitched down on the reverse with white thread. The hem, collar, cuffs and other borders are faced on the inside with red satin. Late 18th century. Said to belong to Tipu Sultan.