Shield bosses were attached to the center of a circular wooden shield. These two are thought to have been made in northern Italy, the heart of the Langobardic Kingdom from the late sixth to the mid-eigth century
Viking round shields: The sagas specifically mention linden wood for shield construction, although finds from graves shows mostly other timbers, such as fir, alder and poplar. These timbers are not very dense and are light in the hand, they were often rei
Brooch, Vendel Copper alloy with gilding; cm) This brooch is from the Vendel period in Swedish history, which precedes the Viking age. Abstractly designed small brooches like these were fashionable until Viking oval brooches replaced them.