Artemisia (آرتمیس) was an ancient Carian queen of the Achaemenid satrapy province of Caria. She was an ally of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece. She fought at the naval Battle of Artemisium and the naval Battle of Salamis at 480 BC as a commander in the Persian navy. She was the only female commander. Artemisia commanded five Persian ships at the Battle of Salamis.