As a result of the Sioux Treaty of 1868, the Great Sioux Reservation was established. A 25 million acre tract of land was set aside for the Lakota and Dakota by the US government. This tract of land became the Great Sioux Reservation and was made up of all the land in South Dakota west of the Missouri River. As part of the treaty the Dakota and Lakota were also permitted to hunt in areas of Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, and North Dakota.
Report of the Doolittle Commission The Joint Special Committee issued this report on January 26, 1867. It found that the Indian population was rapidly decreasing because of White aggression, destruction of game, and loss of land.
Photo of a Navajo same-sex couple from the film “Two Spirits” taken in 1866. Courtesy of Bosque Redondo 1866/Museum of New Mexico - After a long history of acceptance, same-sex marriages were no longer recognized in the Navajo nation in 2005, but this shows signs of changing.
This map shows some of the devastation that was brought to the Native Americans as the United States expanded west. They had their land taken from them and then they were assigned land that they could keep and stay on.