The 40,000-Mile Volcano By WILLIAM J. BROADJAN. 12, 2016 - The New York Times. The Turtle Pits site on the mid-Atlantic Ridge, consisting of two sulfide mounds and a black smoker chimney. Credit Center for Marine Environmental Research/University of Bremen, Germany
A black smoker is a type of hydrothermal vent, deep in the ocean; a fissure in the planet’s surface, from which water heated by the geothermal heat from beneath issues into the surrounding water. The black smokers have very unique ecosystems with strange creatures around them.